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Maltby, Julia Alice (1841 - 1927)

Biographical notes

Julia Alice Maltby appears in Kent & Allen's British and Irish Herbaria (1984) on account of her prize-winning entry in the Royal Horticultural Society's 1864 Botanical competition (silver medal, first place, County Durham). This collection remains untraced.

She was born at Longhorsley, late in 1840 or very early in 1841, thefirst child of Rev. Henry Joseph Maltby and Julia Katharina Bigge. Julia's father was the youngest son of the notoriously affluent Rev. Edward Maltby FRS, Bishop of Durham, and benefited greatly from his patronage. Her maternal grandfather was Charles Bigge FGS of Linden House, Northumberland, patriarch of an influential land-owning family. Julia's mother died days after giving birth to her next child, Edward Charles, when Julia was only two years old. Shortly after this Julia's father was presented by his father with the rich living of Egglescliffe, County Durham. In 1847 her father married Elizabeth Mary Bradford who bore him a further four children. Her bishop grandfather died in 1859 and her father in 1863, precipitating a move from Egglescliffe to accommodation in the Durham College where she resided with her step-mother and two of her younger half-siblings. In 1868 she married Rev Thomas Rogers, a minor canon of Durham Cathedral, and remained a Durham resident until 1884 when Thomas became vicar of Roxwell, Essex. After twelve years in Roxwell ill health forced Thomas to resign the living and retire to Canterbury, Kent, where he died in 1899. Julia remained a widow in Canterbury until her own death in 1927.

The influences which prompted her to enter the 1864 Botanical Competition seem to have been mainly from her late mother's family. Although she would have barely known her mother, and her father re-married when she was only seven years old, the Bigge family stayed in contact with her, and it was her uncle Rev. John F Bigge who officiated at her marriage in 1868. Although her grandfather, the Bishop, had been an FRS and was the president of Natural History Society of Northumberland, Durham and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, there is no evidence that he was an active field naturalist. Her paternal grandfather, however was a long-time member of the Geological Society with a strong interest in the Coal Measures (from which he derived some of his income?). Uncle Rev John Frederick Bigge was an active botanist and an exchange member of the London Botanical Society; the bulk of his herbarium is now in the Hancock Museum, Newcastle HAMU (Desmond, Kent & Allen). An interesting connection with another competitor in the 1864 is provided through another uncle, Matthew Robert Bigge, a bank manager and geologist. In 1862 he was a Wolverhampton resident and committee member of the Dudley and Midland Geological Society, serving on the same committee as Dr John Fraser, silver medal winner for Staffordshire.
1841 : Birth Julia Alice Maltby's birth was registered in Morpeth, Northumberland, in the first quarter of the year. In the 1841 census, on June 6, she is described as 6 months old, implying that she was born in December 1840 or very early January 1841.
1843 April 27 :
Death of mother
1Newcastle Journal: 1843 April 29
DEATHS. At Eglingham Vicarage, on the 27th inst. in the prime of life, Julia, wife of the Rev. H. J. Maltby, Vicar of Eglingham, and daughter of Charles Wm. Bigge, Esq. of Linden House, in this county, deeply lamented.
Julia's mother died three days after giving birth to brother Edward Charles.
1863 November 24 :
Death of father
1York Herald: 1863 November 28
DEATHS. MALTBY. - On the 24th inst., at his house in the College, Durham, aged 50, the Rev. Henry Joseph Maltby, rector of Eaglescliffe,and canon of Durham.
1864 :
RHS Botanical Competition
Julia made a collection of plants from County Durham which was awarded a silver medal in the Royal Horticultural Society's Botanical Competition.
1868 April 25 : Marriage
Rev. Thomas Rogers
1York Herald: 1868 May 2
MARRIAGES. ROGERS - MALTBY. - On the 25th ult., at St. Mary-le-Bow, Durham, by the Rev. John F. Bigge, vicar of Stamfordham, the Rev. Thomas Rogers, to Julia Alice, eldest daughter of the late Rev. Henry J. Maltby, vicar of Eaglescliffe and Canon of Durham.
1899 February 11 :
Death of husband
1Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald: 1899 February 18
DEATHS. ROGERS. - On the 11th Feb., at Barton Fields, Canterbury, the Rev. Thomas Rogers, formerly Precentor of Durham, and Vicar of Roxwell, aged 59.
1927 May 15 :
1Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald: 1827 August 13
Will of the late Mrs Julia Alice Rogers, of Canterbury
Mrs. Julia Alice Rogers, of The Grove, Barton Fields, Canterbury, widow of the Rev. Dr. Rogers, who died on May 15th, aged 86, left estate of the gross value £26,296, with net personalty £24,587. She left:-One of her pictures of Auckland Castle, by J. W. Carmichael, to the See of Durham; her late husband's selection of musical works, books on music or organ music to the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury: £2OO each to the Women's Branch of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and the Society for Missions to Seamen; £100 each to the Governesses' Benevolent Institution, the Additional Curates Society, the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, the Kent and Canterbury Hospital, the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and the Canterbury Refuge. £50 and £25 a year to Mrs. Linton, cook; and year's wages to other servants who have been in her service for 12 months.

1 Transcription reproduced with kind permission of The British Newspaper Archive

Managed by Richard Middleton; last updated 2016 April 10


1841 January Longhorsley, Northumberland
1841 June Eglingham, Northumberland
1843 Egglescliffe, Durham
1851 March 31 (Census) Egglescliffe, Durham
1861 April 7 (Census) Egglescliffe, Durham
1864 The College, Durham
1871 April 2 (Census) Durham City
1881 April 3 (Census) Durham City
1884 December To Roxwell, Essex
1891 April 5 (Census) Roxwell, Essex
1896 October To Canterbury, Kent
1901 March 31 (Census) Canterbury, Kent
1911 April 2 (Census) Canterbury, Kent
1927 Canterbury, Kent

Additional links

Annotated pedigree of the Maltby and Bigge families. link
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